4th Quarter 2011
Making Every Drop Count!
Water & Wastewater Solutions Worldwide
Africa is the second most arid continent in the world. As such, millions of Africans suffer from water shortages each year. Today, 14 countries in Africa are experiencing water stress or scarcity, while another 11 countries are expected to join them by 2025, impacting nearly half of Africa's anticipated population (1.45 billion). These shortages are often due to the poor management of the continent's water supply as well as the inadequate conditions of its existing water and wastewater infrastructure. Because clean water lies at the crux of many challenges currently facing the people of Africa, including health, education and human rights, a number of programs aimed at improving the state of water throughout the continent have been initiated in recent years. These programs involve introducing clean, sustainable and integrated water solutions to eradicate the current crisis in Africa.
The Berger Group of Companies has worked in Africa for more than 40 years. In that time, the Team has completed water and wastewater assignments in nearly every country in Africa, including Cameroon, Cape Verde, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, Tanzania and Tunisia. Currently, the Berger Group is implementing improvements in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Morocco, Mozambique, Senegal and South Sudan.
South Sudan, a landlocked country in eastern Africa, gained its independence on July 9, 2011, following decades of civil and political unrest. The newly independent South Sudan faces many challenges, including limited access to potable water supplies, poor access to hygiene and unsanitary living conditions.
The Urban Water and Sanitation Program was launched in 2007 to bring clean water, sanitation and good hygiene practices to urban areas in South Sudan as part of the $700 million Sudan Infrastructure Services Program (SISP), an ambitious integrated redevelopment program implemented by The Louis Berger Group (LBG) in partnership with the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Government of South Sudan. Through SISP, LBG is providing support for a full range of sustainable program activities to strengthen institutions and build local capacity to deal with sanitation and water issues in South Sudan.
The program's initial efforts were quick-impact projects to combat the potential outbreak of cholera and other waterborne diseases in the areas around Juba, the official capital of South Sudan and one of the fastest growing cities in the world, where many of the poorest and most vulnerable residents resettled after years of conflict. The quick-impact program included the construction of community water systems, the marketing of water treatment tablets, educational messages on hygiene and sanitation to change unhealthy habits, borehole repairs and tanker truck water treatment along the Nile River.
Longer-term urban infrastructure projects include designing and constructing two water supply pipelines, a booster station, public latrines, ablution facilities, demonstration projects promoting the use of household latrines, eight truck refilling stations providing treated city water to tanker trucks for delivery throughout Juba and municipal distribution system upgrades; promoting improved hygiene, sanitation practices and safe water storage through public education; improving safe water supplies through water treatment; and constructing or rehabilitating boreholes. To date, the program has benefitted more than 240,000 people throughout Juba, curbing the spread of waterborne diseases and reducing many residents' travel time to clean drinking water.
Training programs to develop local capacity in water and sanitation issues help to ensure the sustainability of the improvements. The program is currently focusing on building water treatment plants in Wau and rehabilitating the existing water treatment plant in Malakal as well as building local capacity to operate and maintain them. Upon completion, the plants will immediately improve the drinking water supply for more than 85,000 people, with 175,000 benefiting long term.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. It is also among the world's most populous nations, as it is home to more than 71 million residents. As a result of continuous conflict throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the country's infrastructure has suffered from neglect for a number of years. In response, the International Development Association initiated a World Bank-funded, $1.2 billion program to address the nation's infrastructure needs, and Louis Berger was selected to manage and implement the Emergency Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Project.
The five-year program featured an initiative aimed at improving the country's water supply sector, in addition to various transport, energy and urban infrastructure components. The work involved rehabilitating and constructing facilities at the Ndjili Treatment Plant in Kinshasa, the country's capital, as well as upgrading the city's existing water distribution system. Louis Berger served as employer's representative and managed over 250 individual contracts on the behalf of the Ministry of Finance and for the benefit of the final beneficiaries of the program, including water utilities.
Louis Berger is also managing the Project for Water Supply and Sanitation in Semi-Urban Areas throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including the cities of Kasangulu, Lisala and Tshikapa. The objective of the project is to improve the residents' health and quality of life through the expansion and rehabilitation of water supply and sanitation infrastructure in the selected project areas.
Mozambique For years, Mozambique, located in southeastern Africa, was plagued by conflict, beginning with the 10-year Mozambican War of Independence from 1964 to 1974 and subsequently the 15-year Mozambican Civil War from 1977 to 1992. As a result, Mozambique has become one of the most poverty-stricken and underdeveloped countries in the world. The country's water supply and sanitation infrastructure, in particular, is in severe disrepair.
Louis Berger is currently providing a variety of services related to sanitation and drainage system improvements in the cities of Pemba, Nampula and Quelimane. The Team's duties include conducting feasibility studies, preparing designs and supervising construction. The feasibility studies involve evaluating the existing systems, developing alternatives for the improvements and analyzing potential adverse impacts. Upon the selection of the optimal sanitation and drainage alternative for each of the three cities, Louis Berger will prepare designs for the improvements. Finally, during construction, the Team will supervise the implementation of the sanitation and drainage system upgrades to ensure all work is completed on time, under budget and in accordance with client specifications.
Louis Berger is also providing technical assistance on the National Rural Water and Sanitation Program in Mozambique. The objective of the program is to increase the population's access to clean water and sanitation.
Morocco Oujda, a city in eastern Morocco, is located approximately 15 kilometers west of Algeria and 60 kilometers south of the Mediterranean Sea in North Africa. In an effort to serve its urban population of one million residents, the Autonomous Oujda Inter-Municipal Water and Electricity Distribution Authority (RADEEO), with $92 million in funding from the European Investment Bank, initiated an assignment to renovate and expand the city's existing sanitation infrastructure and construct new waste and rainwater collection systems as well as a new wastewater treatment plant.
Louis Berger was selected to provide a variety of consultancy services to the Project Management Unit (PMU) for this assignment. The Team's duties included assisting the PMU in selecting contractors, conducting work inspections, supervising construction and managing the project schedule and budget. Louis Berger also supported RADEEO in setting up an effective management unit, with adequate resources in terms of staff, equipment and management tools; provided training to PMU staff in the application of modern project management methods; and provided specific technical assistance on an as-needed basis.